Located where the Haldis settled in ancient times, Bayburt is known to have come under the domination of the Roman Empire. It and its surrounding area are one of the places where the Turks first settled in Anatolia.
Gümüşhane acts as a bridge with East, South, and Central Anatolia. The city, located on the Silk Road, was named as land (hane) of silver (gümüş) at the time of the Romans, and its name remained as Gümüşhane. The Assyrians, Persians, Medes, Urartu, Macedonians, Pontus, and Romans ruled in these lands. It also served as an important city during the …
Trabzon, a place that reflects the unique nature and historical experience of the Black Sea Region, is one of the most important cities in the region.
As one moves from the West to the East across Turkey, the geography escalates, and northern Turkey in particular offers great variations in topography.